SCP is a command line program that allows to copy files between computers (hosts) in a very secure manner. This How To Copy Files With SCP (SSH) Securely describes how you can copy files securely between computers.
Index of How To Copy Files With SCP (SSH) Securely
This How To Copy Files With SCP (SSH) Securely takes as a basis two computers (hosts). I share the environment with you, as i believe it helps you to understand how you can leverage on this powerful SCP tool for your enviornement.
- Host A – IP Address 192.168.2.45
- Host B – IP Address 192.168.2.21
- I have a number of Maria DB backup files that i like to copy from Host A to Host B
- Both, Host A and Host B are powerful Raspberry computers that you can buy for a very good price
- Between both hosts (A and B) the SSH keys are exchanged (trusted)
scp [OPTION] [user@]HOST_A:]file1 [user@]HOST_B:]file1
If you like to copy a whole directory, then you like to replace “file 1” by the directory name. (please ensure the directory exists on the destination host):
scp [OPTION] [user@]HOST_A:]/directory1 [user@]HOST_B:]directory1
Now lets make a real life example matching my environment. I have a bunch of files stored on Hose A (192.168.2.45) in the source directory called “~/Backup_OpenHAB_DB/pi/maria-db-backups”. To ensure these files are additionally backed up on another Host B, i copy them with the below scp command into the destination folder called “~/maria-db-backups-ARCHIVE/2020”. To do so is easy, you simply leverage on the below command:
scp /home/myuser/Backup_OpenHAB_DB/pi/maria-db-unserhaus-backups/maria-db-backups.sql.2020* firstname.lastname@example.org:/home/pi/maria-db-backups-ARCHIVE/2020
- scp – is reflecting the scp command
- /home/myuser/Backup_OpenHAB_DB/pi/maria-db-unserhaus-backups/ – is reflecting the source directory on Host A (192.168.2.45)
- maria-db-backups.sql.2020* – is reflecting the file names. In this case all files that start with “maria-db-backups.sql.2020”
- email@example.com: – is reflecting 2 things, 1. the user name on Host B (in this case “pi”) and the IP Address of Host B (192.168.2.21)
- /home/pi/maria-db-backups-ARCHIVE/2020 – is reflecting the destination directory on Host B (192.168.2.21)
Very simple, isn’t it? Now you simply replace the host names and directories by how it looks like in your environment and this How To Copy Files With SCP (SSH) Securely hopefully was a great help to you.
For the above, and once the command executed, the command line will provide the status which looks like this:
This will continue up until all files are copied.
There are various additional options that you can use for SCP. Including:
- -P : – P specifies the remote host ssh port (e.g. the port on Host B if it is not 22 which is the standard SSH port
- -C : -C forces scp to compresses data whilst sending to the destination host (e.g. in the above Host B)
- -r : This option asks scp to copy directories recursively (e.g. if there would be additional subdirectories in /home/myuser/Backup_OpenHAB_DB/pi/maria-db-backups/)
As with all Linux programs, also SCP consists of a very good explaining man page that you like to consult for further great options. You can find this in your Linux installation itself by typing “man scp” or in the internet by clicking this link: SCP Man Pages.